Stories

Signatures

Vilnius

Ona Šimaitė

Librarian Ona Simaite. Portrait. Vilnius, 1944, LCVA, F.56(438), ap.10, b.747

Stiklių st. trade and malicious spirits

Stikliai, Jews’, M. Antokolski and Gaon streets intersection, 1912-1915, LMAVB_RSS F11.6,3 3r

The Great Synagogue of Vilnius

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Vilna Gaon

Portrait of Vilna Gaon. 19 c. ? Private collection

Jewish quarter

  1. Minor ghetto’s territory after the war (1950 ?), LCVA, 0-0394851

  2. Minor ghetto’s plan, 1941.  Photo from the Vilna Gaon State Jewish Museum (No. 3775)

  3. Minor ghetto postcard. Private collection

Mark Antokolsky

  1. Antokolskis street. 1940. Mecys Brazaitis photo. From the private Valentinas Gylys collection

  2. Mark Antokolski, a portrait. CC BY.

  3. A monument of Russian emperor Jekaterina II. Cathedral square in Vilnius. A Fialko. No. 131. Private collection.

Tsemakh Szabad

  1. Zemach Szabad, portrait. Catalog No. 48970, Ghetto Fighters House Archives

  2. A monument for Zemach Szabad. Photo from the Vilna Gaon State Jewish Museum (No. 6339-1)

  3. The Women's Committee that operated alongside the Board of the OZE organization in Vilnius (Vilna). Photographed prior to 1919, before the city came under Polish control. In the photo: Dr. Zemach Shabad - Szabad (standing in the top row, center). Catalog No. 34069, Ghetto Fighters House Archives

Vilna Ghetto

  1. Vilna Ghetto plan, 1942. Photo from the Vilna Gaon State Jewish Museum (No. 3776)

  2. Vilnius panorama from the bell tower of All Saints Church, about 1915. Jan Bułhak. LDM

Vilna Ghetto Theatre

  1. Vilna Ghettor theater repertoire 1943 01 30 ir 31  (01 30 „Man under the bridge“ , 01 31 pop orchestra, program No. 4). Photo from the Vilna Gaon State Jewish Museum (Nr. 1043)

  2. Horses street No. 5 after the war (until the restuaration), LCVA, 12172-57

  3. A theater performance in the ghetto. Vilnius, Lithuania. Borowicz Collection. Catalog No. 76478. Photo from the Yad Vashem archives, http://www.yadvashem.org/  

  4. A scene from a theatrical production of "The Eternal Jew" in the ghetto. Vilnius, Lithuania. Catalog No. 73642. Photo from the Yad Vashem archives, http://www.yadvashem.org/

Ponary massacre

  1. Entrance to the Vilna Ghetto. 1941 m. CC BY

  2. Russian doctors and soldiers inspecting bodies. Paneriai. Vilnius. Catalog No. 73642. Photo from Yad Vashem archives http://www.yadvashem.org/. Photo was made by Reuven Dafni

The Choral Synagogue of Vilnius

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St. Stephen street

Cover of the vegetarian food book. Author is Fania Lewando. Vilnius. 1938. Catalog No. Rare. 1938. Source YIVO Institute

Printing House of Widow and Brothers Romm

  1. The Romm Press, a family - operated publishing house in Vilnius (Vilna), run by the founder's widow and brothers. Photographed, apparently, in the 1920s. Catalog No. 32000, Ghetto Fighters House Archives

  2. Members of the management and employees on the staff of the Romm Press, a family - operated publishing house in Vilnius (Vilna), run by the founder's widow and brothers. Photographed in 1923. Catalog No. 31999, Ghetto Fighters House Archives

  3. A "Babylon's Talmud" book's cover. Book was published by Romm Press. Photo from the Vilna Gaon State Jewish Museum (No. 1427)

Residents of Saint Nicholas Street

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Multilingual Vilnius

  1. Jew's owned shop in Vilna - "Hat shop - M. Faivusiovitz", Yad Vashem Photo Archives 2074/100

  2. A plan of Žemaitė street. 1834 LCVA 13230-1.

Library of the Vilna Ghetto

  1. Poster “Ghetto’s library. 100.000 books in the ghetto. Vilna Ghetto, the library. Picture  from the Vilna Gaon State Jewish Museum (No. 1219)

  2. Photo named "Strasunas str. nr. 6 inner backyard". Photo from the Vilna Gaon State Jewish Museum No. 1900

  3. The Library of Strasunas. Source YIVO institute

Vilnius rabbinical seminary

Pylimas str. view, A. Fialko, 1913, LMAVB, RSS Atv-103-310p1r

Wielka Pohulanka

Pohulanka. LMAVB_RSS Atv-103-313p1r

Israel Bunimowich and his business empire

Pohulanka, A. Fialko, 1911, LMAB, LMAVB_RSS Atv-103-311p1r

YIVO

  1. YIVO institute in Vilnius. Photo from the Yad Vashem archives, http://www.yadvashem.org/

  2. The entrance hall and staircase of the YIVO building at 18 Wiwulskiego Street, Vilnius. 1937 m. Source YIVO institute

  3. Max Weinreich (right) with his wife, Regina (first from left) and his in-laws in his apartment, Vilnius. 1921 m. Source YIVO institute

  4. The ruined YIVO building at Vivulskis 18 street. Vilnius. Archival No. 1044/122. Picture from the Yad Vashem archive, http://www.yadvashem.org/

Romain Gary

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ORT

  1. The building in Vilnius (Vilna) that housed the ORT vocational training organization. Photographed between the two world wars. Catalog No. 31346, Ghetto Fighters House Archives

  2. Third - year students in a school of the ORT system in Vilnius (Vilna). Photographed on May 13, 1929. Catalog No. 32181, Ghetto Fighters House Archives

  3. Training at ORT Vilna Technicum. 1927 Source YIVO institute

Theodor Herzl

  1. Sv. Ignotas str. J. Bulhak, LMAVB_RSS F11.6,6 3r

  2. Theodor Herzl portrait. Source: http://www.swr.de/swr2/israel/popups/herzl.html. CC BY

Jascha Heifetz

Lithuanian-born American violinist Jascha Heifetz (1901-1987) as a young boy, from George Grantham Bain Collection (Library of Congress), CC BY

Jewish education institutions

  1. Jewish teachers’ institute. Postcard. Private collection

  2. George square. Postcard. Vilnius. Private collection

Rescue of the written word

  1. Saint George church,  LMAVB_RSS Atv-103-615p1r 2egz

  2. St. George church inside photo. Private collection

  3. Papers and books in YIVO institute.Vilnius. 1943 April. Photo was taken by Issac Bencowitz. Catalog No. 77008. Photo is from the Yad Vashen archives: http://www.yadvashem.org/

  4. Samuel Norich, Director of YIVO, in a cathedral where for over 40 years Lithuanian librarians hid materials looted from YIVO by the Nazis and threatened with destruction by the Soviets, Vilnius. 1989 m. Source YIVO institute

  5. YIVO staff members examining crates of items looted by the Nazis in Vilna and recovered with the help of the U.S. Army, New York, 1947. Photograph by Alexander Archer. Source YIVO institute

Bristol Hotel

Gediminas str., Hotel “Bristol”, LMAVB_RSS Atv-103-234p1r

Candy and Chocolate Shop “Viktorija”

A. Mickevicz str.. (present day Gediminas str.), LMAVB_RSS Atv-103-78p1r

Cemetery of Šnipiškės

Snipiskes cemetery. Private collection

Proselyte Walentyn Potocki - Ger Tzedek

  1. Palace of Grand Duchy from southeast side. K. Racinskas drawing. 1832

  2. Ger Cedek statue. Vilnius, around 1920s. From the Bund archives. Source YIVO institute

Moses Montefiore

  1. F. Benua. Generalgubernator’s palace and the University. Litography. LDM, inv. G-2633

  2. Moses Montefiore portrait. 19 c. Authro unknown. Source https://www.amazon.com/Moses-Montefiore-Jewish-Liberator-Imperial/dp/0674048806?ie=UTF8&*Version*=1&*entries*=0. Public domain

  3. Gaon prayer house testimonial to M. Montefiore. Vilnius, 1846. Copyright The Montefiore Endowment 2013. Licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 2.0

Ritual murder myth

  1. Franciszek Smuglewicz, saint Anna’s and Saint Francis and saint Bernard churches, around 1797. Muzeum Narodowe w Krakowie

  2. Simonas Kierelis memorial plate

  3. Christian child ritual kmurder  in 1493. Author: Hartmann Schedel (1440-1514). Nuremberg Chronical (Schedel'sche Weltchronik), page CCLIIIIv. Source: Beloit College CC BY

  4. Saint Simonino from Trento's martyred body. Engraving by Friedrich Creussner, Nürnberg, around 1475. CC BY

Lukiškės prison

  1. St. Nicholas orthodox church and prison of Lukiskes. From the book of А.А. Виноградов. Путеводитель по городу Вильне и его окрестностям: в 2-х частях. Вильна, 1904, p. 216

  2. Prison of Lukiskes. From the book of А.А. Виноградов. Путеводитель по городу Вильне и его окрестностям: в 2-х частях. Вильна, 1904, p. 215

The Bund

  1. House where Bund was established. Unknown date. Picture from Moryc Grossman. Source http://epyc.yivo.org/content/20_3.php

  2. Members of Tsukunft, a youth movement of the Bund putting up election posters in Baranowicze. Poland, ca. 1930. Source YIVO institute

Mark Antokolsky creative work

  1. Postvard, Davydas Vizunas, No. 180A. Private collection

  2. Mark Antokolski in his studio in Paris. Around 1885-1890. Author is unknown. Persimision for publication was given by Frick Collection ART Reference Library Archives. CC BY

  3. Mark Antakolski sculpture "Ivan the Terrible", photo Alex Bakharev, CC BY

  4. Abba Kovner holding a statue of Antokolski in the ghetto. Vilnius, Lithuania. Nuotraukos autorius Dr. Krakowski. Katalogo No. 21989. Šaltinis Centeral Goverment Archive, Moscow. Photo from the Yad Vashem archives, http://www.yadvashem.org/

Eliza Orzeszkowa

  1. Street name in Warsaw. Private collection

  2. Map of the quarter from Kamarauskas drawings

  3. Portrait of Eliza Orzeszkowa, 1900s. Source scanned from "Radio i Świat" weekly, May 22nd, 1950, Warsaw, Poland. Author Antoni Kamieński, Polish painter (died 1933). CC BY

  4. Street of Eliza Orzeszkowa. Date unknown. Private collection

Zalkinds’ department store

Trade house of Zalkinds’. Postcard. Private collection

Vokiečių street

Antokolski-German streets intersection. 1940. Mecys Brazaitis photo. From the private collection of Valentinas Gylys

Abba Kovner and armed resistance

  1. J. Seinboim funeral. In the front of the coffin walks A. Kovner. Lithuania’s News (2012 09 28), p. 15

  2. Poster from the Vilna Ghetto basketball match. 1942. From the  Vilna Gaon State Jewish Museum

  3. Partisans: Zelda Treger, Reizel Korczak and Vitka Kempner. Catalog No. 40194. Photo from the Yad Vashem archives, http://www.yadvashem.org/

Press

Newsstand in Vilnius. Private collection

Jung Vilne

  1. Yung-Vilne (1934), Issue No. 1. Cover page. Source YIVO institute

  2. Haim Grade and S. Katscherginm among ruins of Vilna Ghetto. Catalog No. 2527. Photo from the Yad Vashem archives, http://www.yadvashem.org/  

  3. Yiddish poet Avraham Suckever, 3rd of December, 1950, from National Photo Collection, photo code - D507-127. Author Fritz Cohen. CC BY

Postcards

View of the trade house of Zalkinds’ in the Great Street No. 82 (present day 28). From the Leib Zalkind album Salut de Vilna, published around 1897

Simon Dubnow

  1. Pohulianka. Beginning of XX c.. Private collection

  2. Simon Dubnow (stands in the middle) in the first YIVO conference in Vilnius. 1935 Catalog No. rg120PO_5843. Source YIVO institute


 

Lucy Dowidowicz

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Ukmergė

The Great Synagogue and Moshe Leib Lilienblum

  1. Great Synagogue. Until 1941. Postcard. Ukmerge's regional museum, Pf-2789

  2. Great Synagogue of Ukmerge. First half of XX c. Postcard from P. Kaminskas collection                                                                                                                                        

  3. Jewish writer  Moshe Leib Lilienblum. CC BY

Living space

View from the mound 1921. UKM, R-4930_60

Social care and the “Rosenblum orphanage”

  1. Vienuolynas and Vasario 16 crossroad. Lyra's cinema is on the left. Synagogue is on the right. Interwar period. From private collection

  2. Photo of the children, taken from the Yad Vashem archives http://www.yadvashem.org                                                                                                                                                  

  3. A letter to C. Schülȝe to Kaunas from orphanage of M. Rosenblum about unpaid bill. Letter is written in lithuanian, english and hebrew languages. Signature is undistinguishable. Foto from Ukmerge's regional museum  R-7309   

Talmud-Torah School

Talmud-Torah school. From the private Anita Kacaite-Albuziene archives

Fish street market square

Old town of Ukmerge.UKM, Pf-287

Mikvah

Mikveh. From the private collection

Kėdainiai

The Great Market Square and Jewish economic occuptions

Shops in Vilnius square (Great market) in the interwar period. Photo from Balys Buracas. KėKM GEK 9895-16

A house with sukkah

  1. Sukkah in the city of Herzliya. Foto taken in 2007. CC BY 2.0

  2. Balconies turned to sukkah. Jerusalem. Photo taken in 2006 CC BY-SA 3.0

  3. Jews’ street in Kedainiai. House with sukkah on the right. Around 1974, from LCVA. 10276-14.

The Old Market square

  1. Old market in Kedainiai. Photo from Simonis.KėKM GEK Nr. 9740-5

  2. Sun clock on the arch in Kėdainiai. From the private collection.

  3. Old market in Kėdainiai. 1930. KėKM GEK 9935

Custom-house of Kėdainiai

  1. Bridge across the river of Nevezis. KeKM

  2. Bridge over the Nevėžis river and Kaunas street.KėKM, GEK 9937  

  3. 1624 customs tenancy agreement  between K. Radvila and 3 jews. KėKM GEK Nr. 9807

Firefigthers

  1. Jewish firefighters from Kedainiai with their helmets: Motel Goldfarb and  Mausa Gersovicius. Photo belongs to  B.Mikstavicius. 1924m. KėKM, Gek 9665/2, Inv.Nr.5144

  2. Photo of  firefighters volunteers. Private collection. KėKM.

  3. Firefighters team of Šiauliai gathered by Jacob Frenkel award. Gold, Silver.1928. From Liudas Sulinskas collection

Pharmacies

  1. Old town of Kedainiai. Corner of the Great and Old streets. Pharmacy. KėKM, GEK 1593, Inv. Nr. 2196

  2. Great street.  KėKM GEK Nr. 9858-3

  3. Ch. Gurvicius pharmacy’s label.  KėKM GEK Nr. 410

Jewish gardeners

  1. Fields of cucumbers ant tomatos near the town. KėKM GEK 9715-1

  2. Golombik-Fridland-Steinbach firm's tomato  warehouse . KėKM GEK 9719.

  3. Field of cucumbers ant tomatos near the town. KėKM GEK 9715-4

Joniškis

The first petrol stations

  1. Joniskis market square. From the private collection of Leonas Karaliunas

  2. Petrol station in Kedainiai. Photo from J.Skrinskas.KėKM GEK Nr.9858-6

Union of Jewish soldiers

  1. The monument of the Independance in 1932. Photo taken by K. Berzinas. From L. Balčiiunas album

  2. Flag of . 1933. K. Ciurlionis National museum of art.

  3. Izaokas Sapira - the founder of LŽKDLNAS. From his son Josif private collection.

  4. President A. Smetona is honouring  LŽKDLNAS flag. 1934. Kaunas. Photo credit: Mejeris Smecechauskas, LCVA

Laurence Harvey

  1. “Room at the top” poster, 1959.  Internet Movie Poster Awards, internet link http://www.impawards.com/1959/room_at_the_top_xlg.html

  2. What's my line - Laurence Harvey. Jean-Pierre Aumont [panel] (1960, May 1st)

Jewish folksbank

  1. Jewish folk band.From the private collection of Leonas Karaliunas

  2. Kaunas central Jewish bank, CC BY

Complex of Synagogues

  1. 1911, May 23rd, market area after the fire. Photo taken by J. Fiseris. From the private collection of L. Balciunas.

  2. 1929 Town center. On the left white synagogue. Unknown photographer.. From the private collection of Leonas Karaliunas

Transport

  1. A Car. Around 1930. Photographer J. Papievis. Photo is from G. Parasciakiene personal album

  2. Train station of Joniškis. Around 1936-1938. Photographer is unknown. From personal G. Parasciakiene album.

  3. Bus passengers ready to go to on the route Joniškis-Žagarė. Photo is from P. Kaminskas collection. Photo is taken from Leonas Karaliunas album „Žagarė 1897-1945“, 2015 m.   

Žagarė

Linguist Chatzkel Lemchen

  1. 'Uncle Chatzkel’ footage by permission of the National Film and Sound Archive, Australia with support from Brian Sherman and Rod Freedman, director Change Focus Media

  2. Family of Lemchens in 1913-1914 . From Vilna Gaon State Jewish Museum. CC Public Domain Mark 1.0

Emigration

  1. Customs of Zagare. From Romualda and Vytautas Vaitkai private archive

  2. Lithuanian-Latvia border, border police. From Julius Kublinskas album. From Romualda and Vytautas Vaitkai private archive                                                                    

Moses Strulis’ millhouse

  1. Mill of M. Strulis in the interwar period. From J. Kubilinskas album. From From Romualda and Vytautas Vaitkai private archive

  2. Svete river, New Zagare. P. Kaminkas' photo. Permission for publication was given by L. Karaliūnas.   

  3. Arc bridge with sluice. Private collection.                 

Synagogues of Žagarė

  1. View of Zagare from the tower of the church. Around 1930. Photographer is unknown. Photo is from P. Rakickas collection. Photo is taken from Leonas Karaliūnas album „Žagarė 1897-1945“, 2015 m.

  2. View of Žagarė from the tower of church. Around 1920. Photographer is unknown. Photo is from P. Kaminskas collection. Photo is taken from Leonas Karaliūnas album „Žagarė 1897-1945“, 2015 m.

Market square of Žagarė

  1. Market plaza of Zagare. Around 1910. Author is unknown. KM IF- 977 (Museum of Kretinga).

  2. New Zagare around 1910. Town center's market. Photographer is unknown.  Photo is from P. Kaminskas collection. Photo is taken from Leonas Karaliūnas album „Žagarė 1897-1945“, 2015 m.       

Valkininkai

Synagogue of Valkininkai

  1. The exterior of Valkininkai synagogue. Photo from the Yad Vashem archives (No. 204BO5), http://www.yadvashem.org/

  2. Interior of Valkininkai synagogue. Wikimedia. CC BY             

  3. Bima of Valkininkai synagogue, 1939. Photo is from Yad Vashem archive. (No. 204CO2), http://www.yadvashem.org         http://www.yadvashem.org/

Lithuanian Vaad

 

Degsnės

Degsnės - a village of Jewish farmers

Farmer Jews. Private collection

Care for people with intellectual disability

Degsnės. Private collection